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Square Foot Gardening Planner -Everything You Need to Know

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Are you looking for a way to maximize your space in the garden?


Look no further! We’ve got all the tips and tricks for successful square-foot gardening that will help you increase plant yields, reduce weeds, and even save water!


Square-foot gardening is a great way to make the most of any garden space. It’s an efficient method over traditional gardening methods, while still producing abundant yields.


So what exactly is square-foot gardening, and how should you plan yours? Keep reading to find out.

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What is the square-foot gardening method?

Square-foot gardening was developed by Mel Bartholomew, a creative gardener who wanted to make the most of his limited garden space in 1981.

He created an organized, efficient method for growing plants in raised beds filled with nutrient-rich soil and compost.


His plan was simple: divide the bed into equal one-square-foot sections, and plant one type of vegetable or flower in each section.


Nowadays, Square Foot gardening is not only a popular choice for small gardeners with limited space but has also been implemented around the world by schools and humanitarian organizations.


The method saves gardeners time, effort, tools, space, and water – estimated to cost 50% less, use 20% less space, 10% the water, and only 2% of the work compared to single-row gardening.


What do you need for successful square-foot gardening?


Now that you know a bit more about square-foot gardening, let’s get into what you’ll need to make yours a success


A step-by-step guide to square-foot gardening

Creating a successful square-foot garden can seem daunting, but don’t worry! We’ve got everything you need to know covered.


In this guide, we will take you through the steps of planning and planting a beautiful, productive square-foot garden that will yield bountiful harvests. So let’s get started!


Follow our tips and advice to create your very own square-foot garden. You’ll be surprised at how easy it is!


With the right planning and preparation, you can have a garden that will produce healthy, delicious fruits and vegetables with minimal effort!

Prepare Your Garden Area

Before you even begin planning your garden, you’ll need to make sure that your garden area is ready for planting.


You’ll want to start by selecting a location with adequate sunlight and level ground, then clearing away any rocks or plants that could interfere with the square-foot gardening process.


Once you’re done prepping the area, you can begin to create the garden beds. You’ll want to build them from materials such as wood, bricks, or rocks to ensure that they are sturdy and level.

Plan Your Layout

Determine the size and shape of your garden bed, and divide it into equal one-square-foot sections to create a grid. The first time we used gardening twine to make a grid.

Choose Your Crops

Select which type of vegetables or flowers you want to grow in each section of your garden bed by researching how much space each type of plant needs and what growing conditions it prefers.

Select the Soil

Choose the best soil for your plants, making sure to select one that has good drainage, adequate nutrients, and is rich in organic matter.

Add Compost

Add compost or other nutrient-rich amendments to improve soil quality and encourage healthy root growth.

Mulch Your Garden

Lay down a layer of mulch over your garden bed to help retain moisture, protect the soil from weeds, and maintain an even temperature throughout the growing season. We ended up using EZ straw to mulch.


When direct sowing seeds we waited for the seeds to sprout before mulching.

Plant and Water

Plant each square with its designated crop either direct sow or transplant and water it in accordance with growing instructions.

You can draw out your garden bed on a piece of paper mirroring your garden bed to label what is in each square to help identify what you are growing.

Unless you are wild and love to be surprised when your veggies start producing.

Monitor and Tend

Monitor your garden for pests or diseases, and make sure to regularly weed, water, and rotate crops as needed.


Finally, enjoy the fruits of your labor as you harvest delicious vegetables or fragrant flowers from your square-foot garden!


With a bit of planning and patience, you can easily create a productive, beautiful square-foot garden that will bring you years of joy and satisfaction.

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Pros and Cons of square foot gardening

Square foot gardening can be a great way to maximize the potential of limited outdoor space while providing healthy produce and vibrant flowers.

But it’s important to consider both the pros and cons before diving in.


While square-foot gardening may not require as much time or effort compared to traditional gardens, there are still many decisions to make when planning your garden that may require some time and effort.


It’s also important to consider the amount of sunlight, soil quality, and water your garden will need in order for the plants to thrive.


If you educate yourself on the basics of square-foot gardening and plan carefully, you’ll be sure to have a successful growing season!


Don’t let the pros and cons scare you away from trying square-foot gardening – with the right preparation, it can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience!



  • It can be easily adapted to any garden space, from small balconies to large terraces.
  • Minimizes water and soil usage compared to traditional gardening methods.
  • Maximizes crop yields in a smaller area than single-row gardening.
  • Easier to manage pests and diseases as each crop is contained in its square.
  • Compost and other nutrient-rich soil amendments can be added to improve soil quality.
  • An attractive way of landscaping with various colors, shapes, and textures.


  • It requires careful planning to ensure enough space for each crop type.
  • Difficult to rotate crops as each section must be replanted with a different crop type.
  • Mulch must be replenished periodically to help maintain soil temperature and moisture.
  • Taller plants can shade out smaller ones, reducing overall yields.
  • It can be challenging to track which crops are planted in each square.
  • Accessibility can be an issue if the garden is located on a high level or inaccessible area.

Why Raised Bed Garden?

Possibly the easiest way to get into gardening is with a raised garden bed.

Pair a raised bed with the square-foot gardening method, and you will be unstoppable. Here is why.


Elevated beds are easier to reach and maintain than traditional in-ground gardens. Since raised beds come in dimensional sizes, you can easily map out your square footage vegetable garden.


The soil remains loose, aerated, and warm, allowing for better root growth. You can also control what soil mix you prefer.


The soil in raised garden beds drains faster, which helps reduce waterlogging and can prevent root rot.

Weed Control

The walls of the raised bed act as a natural barrier to keep weeds from growing.

The square-foot gardening method already helps with weed prevention. But paired with a raised bed, you can keep the weeds at bay.

Overall, a raised bed garden and the square-foot gardening method can help make your home vegetable garden an efficient, productive space.

With careful planning and a bit of maintenance, you will soon be enjoying the abundant harvest from your square-foot garden!

How to calculate raised garden bed square footage?

When calculating the square footage of a raised garden bed, there are some things to keep in mind.

First, measure the length and width of the bed in feet. Multiply these two numbers to get the bed’s total square footage.

For example, if your bed is 4 feet by 8 feet, you would have 32 square feet of growing space.

Tips for Maximizing Your Square Foot Garden Yields

1. Plant companion crops: Planting certain vegetables together can help maximize yields and reduce pests and diseases. For example, planting broccoli next to onions or garlic helps repel cabbage moths from the broccoli!

2. Choose deep-rooted plants: Taller plants with deeper roots require more space but will help shade weeds and retain soil moisture, making them ideal for maximizing yield in a square-foot garden.

3. Mulch well: Applying a layer of mulch can help conserve water and keep weeds from sprouting up. Make sure to choose the right type of mulch for your particular plants!

4. Plant vertically: Some plants can be trained to grow up against a trellis or fence, maximizing space. Tomatoes, beans, and cucumbers are great candidates for this growing technique!

5. Plant on a staggered schedule: Planting crops on a staggered schedule will help ensure that you have an ongoing harvest throughout the season. Start some crops early, and stagger others to give yourself a continual supply of fresh produce.


Square-foot gardening may seem intimidating initially, but with the proper preparation and knowledge, it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience!

By following these tips, you can maximize your yields and make sure that your garden thrives!


Tools for the Job

Square foot gardening can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, but it does require some planning and preparation.

To help make the process easier, there are several tools available that can make square-foot gardening simpler and more efficient.

Here are a few of our favorite tools to get you started on your square-foot gardening journey!

Seeding Square

The Seeding Square is a handy tool for square-foot gardeners. This innovative product allows you to sow seeds easily, no matter the size of your garden.

With its perfectly spaced grid design and precise measurements, the Seeding Square creates even rows of plants with minimal effort.

Plus, it’s made from durable plastic that holds up to years of use.

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Square Foot Vegetable Garden Book

This book from Mel Bartholomew is the original guide to square-foot gardening. It provides an easy-to-follow, step-by-step approach to creating a successful and productive garden.


The book outlines plant selection, soil preparation techniques, various planting techniques, and more!


It’s filled with helpful tips and tricks so you can get the most out of your square-foot garden.


Plus, the book includes a comprehensive chart with suggested planting depths and days to maturity for many popular vegetables.

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The Garden Grid Watering System includes a preassembled drip irrigation, soaker hose, and sprayer-style kit to help ensure your garden gets the water it needs.

The grid-shaped watering system provides precise watering and helps conserve water, making it perfect for square-foot gardens.

Plus, the kit comes with a planting guide that provides guidance on optimal spacing for over 60 plants!

By following these tips and using the right tools, you can create a successful square-foot garden that yields delicious vegetables and more!

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Vegetables Per Square Foot Guide


4 per square foot

Asian Greens

4 per square foot


 2-4 per square foot

Beans (bush)

4 per square foot


4 per square foot

Bok Choy

4 per square foot


1 per square foot

Brussel Sprouts

1 per square foot


1 per square foot


2 per square foot


9-16 per square foot


1 per square foot


4 per square foot


4 per square foot


4 per square foot


1-9 per square foot


1 per square foot


2 per square foot


2 per square foot


1 per square foot


1 per square foot


12-16 per square foot


1 per square foot


1 per square foot

Final Thoughts

Planting a square-foot garden is a great way to enjoy the rewards of growing your own food.

And, it is honestly so satisfying to see it finished and flourishing with vegetables.

With just a bit of planning and guidance, it’s a rewarding experience that can provide you with delicious vegetables for years to come!

So don’t be afraid to get out there and try something new – you might surprise yourself with how much success you can find! Best of luck with your square-foot garden!



Square foot gardening is a method of gardening in which the area is divided into one-foot squares, each of which is planted with a different crop. This method allows gardeners to maximize their growing space and yields while minimizing maintenance, weeds, and pests.

Square-foot gardening has many benefits, such as increased yields and efficient use of space. It is also easy to manage and maintain since the beds are small and can be tended to quickly. Additionally, it is a great way for novice gardeners to get started as it requires minimal setup and no soil preparation.

Plants that work well in a square-foot garden are those that require minimal space and produce a high yield. Examples include lettuces, radishes, bush beans, beets, carrots, peppers, and onions.

The amount of space you need for a square foot garden will depend on how many plants you want to grow and how much produce you hope to harvest. Generally speaking, the more space you have available, the more plants you can fit into your garden. However, even small spaces can be utilized effectively with the right planning.

Your plants will need to be watered regularly in order to thrive. As a general rule of thumb, it is best to water the soil until it is moist but not soggy. In hotter climates, your garden may need watering every day, while in cooler climates a few times a week may be sufficient. However, it is always best to monitor

Fertilizing will help keep your plants healthy and productive, so it is important to do it regularly. A slow-release fertilizer with a balanced NPK ratio is recommended for most square-foot gardens. It is best to fertilize the soil every 6-8 weeks during the growing season to ensure your plants have all of the nutrients they need.

Although you don’t need many specialized tools for a square-foot garden, having some basic tools can make the job easier. A trowel, a hoe, and some hand pruners are all necessary for tending to your garden beds. Additionally, a watering wand or sprayer-style garden hose attachment can help you ensure that each plant gets the right amount of water.

With these tools and tips, you can create a successful square-foot garden that yields delicious vegetables and more – even over 60 plants! So don’t be afraid to get out there and

Macro Photo of Bumblebees on Yellow Sunflower

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